Surprise! The Ban on Digital Sex Ads Didn’t Work: Reason Roundup
Plus: digital privacy concerns down 11 percent since 2015
Elizabeth Nolan BrownAug. 20, 2018 9:30 am
modified from Alex Endelman/SIPA/Newscom
“We have shut down nearly 90 percent of the online sex trafficking business and ads.” So claimed Rep. Ann Wagner (R-Mo.) in a piece of House Judiciary Committee propaganda posted to YouTube last month. In the video, Wagner and other U.S. lawmakers sing their own praises over the passage of FOSTA, the law that makes “facilitating prostitution” online a federal crime. Many politicians and journalists erroneously portrayed the law as a way to punish “child sex traffickers.”
In a new Washington Post Fact Checker column, Glenn Kessler tears apart Wagner’s claim to have “shut down nearly 90 percent of the online sex-trafficking business.” Even if the extent of “online sex trafficking” could be measured by simply counting the number of adult-oriented online advertisements, Wagner’s assertion would still be what her GOP colleagues like to call fake news.
“When asked for evidence, Wagner’s office sent a chart that tracked all sex-related advertising, saying that it showed weekly global ad volume dropped 87 percent from January to April,” writes Kessler. The chart came from Memex, a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) project that tracks and archives all sorts of sex-work advertising. (“DARPA Memex has since evolved into Tellfinder, managed by Uncharted Software,” notes Kessler.)
But Wagner’s chart shows that “the biggest drop in ads came after the shutdown of Backpage” by the federal government in April—before FOSTA became law. And “what happened after April?” asks Kessler. Wagner’s office wouldn’t share any more data, so the Post turned to DARPA and Uncharted Software for answers.
“It turns out that after that initial drop, advertising for the sex trade appears to have rebounded, such as on new websites that mimic Backpage with names like ‘Bedpage,'” Kessler reports. He gave Wagner’s claims “Three Pinocchios” out of a possible four.
Worldwide ads had a daily average of about 105,000 when [FOSTA] passed on March 21 and had dropped 28 percent by the time Backpage was closed on April 5. It then plunged another 75 percent and reached a low of 19,456 on April 17, for a total decline of about 82 percent.
But on the day the Judiciary Committee posted the video, sex-trade ads were back at about 50 percent of the daily volume before the law had passed; as of Aug. 11, they were at almost 75 percent.
Unchartered Software’s director of research engineering tells the Post that “the volume of ads dropped dramatically after the shutdown of Backpage but has been climbing since. There is now a volume approaching what we observed before.”
Wagner, for instance, had claimed that the Justice Department estimated that 300,000 girls in the United States were at risk of being sex trafficked. But it turned out it was not a Justice Department figure but a number plucked out of a stale, decades-old study that had not been peer-reviewed and was largely discredited. We were pleased when many lawmakers stopped using such phony statistics—and anti-trafficking organizations scrubbed them from their websites.
A 2016 study funded by the Justice Department concluded that the total number of juveniles in the sex trade in the United States was about 9,000 to 10,000. The study also found that only about 15 percent of the children relied on pimps and that the average age of entry into the sex trade was 15.8 years.
Interested in the rhetoric? See: Has the sex-trafficking law eliminated 90 percent of sex-trafficking ads? – The Washington Post